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Guide to weatherproofing, weather resistance, and IP ratings

Lorex security cameras are given an environmental rating to indicate their suitablity for installation in different indoor and outdoor environments. This rating is based on the camera's Ingress Protection (IP) rating. Check the specifications sheet for your camera model to determine the environmental rating.

What is an IP rating?

The IP rating tells you how resistant the equipment is to dust and liquids. The IP rating is a simple code that covers a range of international standards for enclosures and electrical equipment.

What does the IP rating mean?

IP ratings are given as a two-digit code, such as IP54 and IP65. The first digit represents the level of protection against dust; the second digit represents the level of protection against fluids. The higher the number, the stronger the level of protection.

IP Rating Codes chart

IP rating codes

The following chart explains each element of an IP rating and provides examples of all possible ratings:

IP Rating Codes chart

What rating do I need?

CCTV cameras can be broken down into four classifications of environmental resistance. The following table explains the required installation environment for Lorex security cameras:

Classification IP Rating Location Description
Indoor < 44 Indoor Not intended for submersion in water.
Installation in an indoor location required.
Weather resistant 44 - 65 Indoor /
Outdoor under shelter
Not intended for submersion in water.
Installation in a sheltered location required.
Weatherproof 66 - 67 Indoor / Outdoor Not intended for submersion in water.
Installation in a sheltered location recommended.
Submersible 68 Underwater Full immersion.

NOTE: IP68 submersible cameras are specialized products intended for specific applications (e.g., mounting on a boat). Cameras rated for full submersion will be clearly labelled. Weather resistant and weatherproof cameras are not intended for submersion in water.

Outdoor installation tips and tricks

For outdoor installations, it is recommended that you position your cameras in a sheltered location even if they are weather resistant or weatherproof rated. Under shelter, the camera lens is protected from adverse weather conditions such as rain and snow, which can affect image clarity. Consider mounting the camera underneath an eaves or another structure that will protect the camera against the elements (see the image below).

Camera installed under eaves

If installation under a structure is not possible, consider a homemade shelter. The figure below shows a Lorex wireless camera mounted to an outdoor wall inside of a plastic gardening pot, which keeps the camera dry and the lens free of obstructions. Ensure that the shelter is not visible in the camera's recordings. Test the camera's night time performance to make sure that the shelter does not cause IR reflection, which can affect night vision quality. If you are making a shelter for a wireless camera, use a material such as plastic that does not greatly impact the wireless signal.

Camera with homemade shelter

NOTE: Homemade shelters help to shield weather resistant and weatherproof cameras from adverse weather conditions that can negatively affect video quality. Building a homemade shelter is not an adequate weatherproofing method for indoor cameras.

Last Updated: 10/30/2013